Wednesday, 9 November 2016

Amy Koughan - Tips for Capturing the Perfect Photo

Amy Koughan is a committed individual who cares about the way her work impacts the people around her. She has been a freelance photographer for many years, and she has worked hard in order to capture stunning images for clients, magazines, and other publications. She is known for her work in landscape photography, as well as her work for individual clients. She regularly serves as a wedding photographer, and she even does family portraits for people in the Los Angeles, California area. Photography is her life’s passion ever since she was young, and she even attended the Otis College of Art and Design to hone her skills even further.

As modern technology continues to make taking photos easier and easier, more people are getting into photography than ever before. It used to be that in order to take the perfect photo, you had to invest in a quality camera and the professional grade equipment that went along with it. Now, you can simply pull out your smartphone and capture a moment you want to last forever. Here are some tips for anyone looking to take the perfect photo.

Keep your camera or smartphone as steady as possible. Making sure your hand is steady as you capture a moment is the best way to get a clear picture. Shaky hands will result in a photo that is unfocused, and it will be extremely noticeable whether you leave it on your device or upload it on the Internet. In order to keep yourself steady, you can invest in a stand for your camera or your phone which will help you take a clear picture every time. Stands are relatively cheap, and a good investment if photography is an interest.

Amy Koughan

Make sure that your subject and background don’t clash. This is especially true if you’re taking a landscape picture. Often, amateur photographers will only think about either the background or the subject, but not both together. If you’re taking a picture of a person in the midst of a beautiful landscape, you need to make sure that they coexist peacefully and don’t fight each other for control of the shot. Maybe put the individual to the side so that the background is still visible.

Pay attention to the lighting. The human eye is able to pick up a lot more than your camera ever will, no matter how much you spent on equipment. That means that what you see will never be as good as what you capture digitally or on film. Make sure that the lighting is good enough for the shot you want, which may mean that you have to wait until the most opportune time; be patient.

Amy Koughan understands that capturing the perfect photo can be difficult, which is why she has been honing her craft for many years.

Tuesday, 4 October 2016

Amy Koughan - Time Management Tips For Freelancers

One of the biggest challenges that Amy Koughan faced when she embarked on her career as a freelance photographer was managing her time so she could provide her service, market her business and deal with the administrative tasks that come along with the work. Freelancers who fail to do this will find themselves missing deadlines and allowing work to accumulate, so consider these pointers if this is an area where you need to improve.

Amy Koughan Keep A Schedule

Your memory may be great but it is not immune to slipping. Keep this in mind as you start to take on more work, as it can be very easy to forget about small tasks that are important to your clients. Keep a written schedule that defines all of the tasks you need to complete in your working day and stick to it as closely as possible.

Eliminate Distractions

There are so many distractions that can pull your focus away from your work. Many freelancers make heavy use of computers, whether it is to do their work, find new clients or communicate with existing ones. Those fifteen minutes that you spend browsing Facebook takes away from time you should be dedicating to your work, so exercise some willpower and eliminate distractions.

Understand Your Limits

New freelancers can often feel uncomfortable saying “no” to clients, which results in them taking on more work than they are capable of doing. Amy Koughan understands her limitations and will be clear and polite with clients when she is unable to take on more work. Endeavor to do the same if your schedule is full.

Tuesday, 27 September 2016

Amy Koughan - Tips For New Runners

When she is not busy with her work as a freelance photographer, Amy Koughan likes to run so she can clear her mind and work on her physical fitness. She is an experienced long-distance runner who has tackled a number of marathons. Those who are new to the sport may aspire to similar heights, but it is crucial they consider the following pointers to get off to good starts.

Amy Koughan

Buy Good Shoes
Your running shoes will be your best friends when you are pounding the pavement so you need to invest in a pair that are comfortable and can withstand the rigors of repeated running. Do your research beforehand and consider having the size of your feet measured in-store so you can be sure you have a pair that fits you well.

Work On Distance First
Your first priority should be to establish the sort of distances you can run without putting your body in too much discomfort. Once you know what you can achieve in terms of distance, you can then start working on improving your times. Be patient and don’t worry too much about your pace at first. You will find you get quicker as your muscles develop and your cardio improves.

Set Goals
Amy Koughan has achieved so much as a runner because she puts goals in place to strive towards. Maintain a training log and use it to create goals that define where you think you should be in the future. Make sure they are challenging and realistic, as stretching too far can lead to your motivation dipping.

Friday, 16 September 2016

Amy Koughan - Tips For Budding Photographers

Amy Koughan has enjoyed a passion for photography since she was a young girl and has dedicated her life to developing her skills. She delights in working with amateurs and new professionals alike to help them to do the same. “Anybody can become a good photographer,” she says. “All it takes is a passion for the art and the dedication needed to develop your technical abilities.” Of course, everybody has to start somewhere, so these tips are intended for those who are picking up their cameras for the first time and wish to develop their skills.

                                    Amy Koughan

Choose Equipment Wisely

A lot of new photographers make the mistake of buying the most expensive equipment on the market under the assumption that it will serve their needs. In truth, most novices should budget themselves and consider the sort of photos they wish to take before investing in any equipment. Spending too much at this early juncture could result in you resenting the purchase if you struggle to develop your skills, plus you may find that a lot of the features your expensive camera has are lost on you until you get better.

Extra Memory Cards

Most photographers start out with digital cameras as they are cheap, efficient and convenient. The memory card that comes with your camera will be able to hold a lot of photos, but you will soon start to find that this space ebbs away, especially when the camera is on its highest settings. This may result in a situation where you find the perfect picture, only to discover that your card is full. To avoid this, always make sure that you have a back-up or two spare so you can keep snapping away.

Experiment Often

Much of the joy of photography comes through experimentation. While there are a lot of useful techniques that you can learn to improve your skills, many of which can be found online, you shouldn’t feel constrained in any way when pursuing the hobby. Experiment with different lighting and angles. You never know, you may end up finding a technique that you really like, allowing you to come up with photos that are unique to you.

Be Patient

“Rome wasn’t built in a day,” says Amy Koughan “and neither were my photography skills.” The point she is making is that it often takes a lot of practice and patience to develop your skills as a photographer. In can be easy to look at your early efforts and allow them to dissuade you from pursuing the hobby altogether. This would be a waste of the talent that you have. Instead, treat every photo that you take as a learning experience and don’t be afraid to ask for help from others.

Sunday, 7 August 2016

Amy Koughan - Improving Swimming Photography

Amy Koughan, a professional freelance photographer and competitive swimmer, enjoys the inherent challenges found in taking shots of an athletic event that exists in two main mediums: in water and out. Professionally shooting swimming events presents difficulties in sight lines, perspective, and motion, aside from the underwater trials.

Taking successful professional photographs of competitive swimming events allows the photographer to take unique pictures of athletes in unusual surroundings. Although all athletic photographers need to prepare before an event, swimming requires the photographer to commit to extra preparation. The photographer needs to know the environment she will be shooting in before the event begins: is it an outdoor pool? Indoor pool? Where will photographers be able to take pictures? Are there any restrictions placed on photographers and where they can shoot? Additionally, equipment must be chosen in advance, from using scuba-gear to get crucial underwater shots to exposing a camera to a high-humidity indoor arena so it defogs in time.
 Amy Koughan
Professional photographers like Amy Koughan, who specialize in athletic event photos, know the importance of getting to the meet location as early as possible to scout the area out, determine important vantage points, and to acclimate to the weather conditions. It is also crucial for the photographer to seek out the photo marshal for the event and get clear answers to questions about photo assignments or special requests. The photographer then needs to find an efficient workspace that is not hampered by advertisements, officials, or spectators, but that still grants her quick access to key locations for shooting excellent photographs of competitive swimmers.


Friday, 29 July 2016

Amy Koughan - Entrepreneurship and the Photography Business

Many successful freelance photographers, such as Amy Koughan, became profitable in their careers by planning and managing their small businesses efficiently and effectively. There are some essential points that all photographers who are planning on running their own business need to contemplate before getting started.

Amy Koughan When starting a small business, the freelance photographer should familiarize herself with all legal recourses necessary, such as state, federal, and local tax filings. Small business should be set up as such, and the photographer would be wise to learn about limited liability partnerships and incorporation to determine which process is best for her situation. The photographer then needs to get the word outabout her business and offerings; this can be done through social media and through meeting and networking with other small business owners and local venues.

There are also challenges that must be overcome in regards to customer contracts and relationships. Many professional photographers struggle to deal with the legal aspects of contracts that many clients may not fully understand upon signing. Extra efforts may be needed to help walk clients through the contract step by step, which can be time consuming and frustrating. Finding the right computer and automated programs for small business can often help alleviate these issues.

Amy Koughan and other freelance photographers who have grown their own small business have found great satisfaction in what they accomplish on a daily basis. Their creativity and final works of art allow them to take pride in their skills and talents, and what they have offered to the community at large.


Friday, 22 July 2016

Amy Koughan - What to Know Before Becoming a Freelance Photographer

Successful freelance photographers, like Amy Koughan, quickly learned what was required to become a professional photographer, and adapted their skill set to achieve that goal. Although the idea of being a freelance artist, beholden to no one, is an attractive concept, the reality is that it requires dedication, hard work, confidence, and little luck to make it a profitable career.

Amy Koughan

 The number of individuals who have become freelance artists was estimated in 2005 by the U.S. Department of Labor as around 10.3 million. That amount increased over the last decade, with more than four million freelancers in 2013, according to a group from Economic Modeling Specialists. Many freelancers have risen above these numbers by employing smart approaches to their business. Finding a specialty rather than trying to be or do too much in photography is more likely to bring in business, and thereby create success. It’s also important for photographers to be aware of the competition in their market and also the demand that market clamors for. 

Amy Koughan and other profitable and prominent freelance photographers know that talent is only one aspect of success; many talented photographers never see commercial success because they do not develop the necessary business acumen to promote and sell their work. Marketing one’s work is vital, as is stating costs clearly and upfront, and getting all contracts in writing and signed. This means that photographers need to learn how to bid and price jobs so that they don’t price themselves out of the market, but do make a profit for their talents and skills.

Wednesday, 13 July 2016

Amy Koughan - Photography with Confidence

Experienced freelance photographers like Amy Koughan have developed a key skill in their careers that has led to beautiful photographs: confidence in their art. Koughan and other photographers state confidence as an often overlooked or overwhelming concept that may elude those new to the craft, but which is essential to creating style and success.

Amy Koughan

 The old adage “practice makes perfect” is as true in photography as in any other skilled ability. The photographer who wants more confidence in his or her work needs to get out there and shoot pictures regularly, whether it’s on weekends, in between jobs, or on a lunch break. It also benefits the photographer to not only take pictures whenever possible, but to do so in many different conditions. This allows photographers to become familiar with what works or does not work in a variety of situations and with multiple kinds of light sources.

Amy Koughan, like many veteran freelance photographers, has advanced her career through forming a clear confidence in her work. Often, this confidence can be gained through public accountability, such as through the creation of a website or blog featuring the photographer’s work. Another method of creating confidence is through education. Successful photographers often achieved that status by learning from other photographers.

There are many books and websites that provide tips and suggestions, and many photographers can now take online classes through sites like to learn new concepts and approaches to their art. Regardless of the steps the photographer takes, having confidence in one’s work is necessary for future success.


Thursday, 9 June 2016

Amy Koughan - Her Work Is Astonishing

Amy Koughan is a Los Angeles photographer who has been taking photographs for most of her life, and working professionally for more than ten years. She says she was drawn to photography as a child, and knew early on that she wanted to spend her life taking pictures.

She says that some of her biggest influences in photography have been Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lange, and Diane Arbus. More recently she has been learning about the photography of Vivian Maier, an enigmatic woman who spent much of her life in obscurity working as a nanny in Chicago, but taking photographs all along.
Amy Koughan

“Her work is astonishing,” Amy Koughan says. Like a lot of people, she first heard about Vivian Maier after a documentary called Finding Vivian Maier was released in 2013. Maier herself had died several years before, at the age of eighty-three. The filmmakers pieced together the broad outlines of Vivian Maier’s life: she was born in New York but grew up in France, came back to the United States in 1951, and wound up in Chicago where she worked on and off as a nanny for many years. Her employers included Phil Donahue, the former talk show host.

Maier was an eccentric person who seldom if ever printed any of her work. Her photos were not widely known until after her death in 2009. Though she had been shooting for decades, her first pictures appeared on Flickr, the photo sharing website, in 2008.

“It’s a remarkable story about a remarkable woman,” Amy Koughan says, adding that during her lifetime, and even in the years after her death, Vivian Maier was an enigmatic but talented artist.


Tuesday, 31 May 2016

Amy Koughan - Distance Running

Amy Koughan is a professional photographer who lives and works in Los Angeles, California. She devotes a lot of time to her work, and says that as a freelancer she doesn’t always know when her next job is going to come along. Because of that, she says that she is always ready to drop everything for work, if something comes along unexpectedly.

Amy Koughan She is also a wife and the mother of a young boy, and says that her family takes up a lot of her time. But by budgeting her time carefully she is able to devote a lot of time to keeping in shape. Her favorite forms of exercising are riding a bike and running, both of them for long distances. She also enjoys swimming.

For many distance runners there comes a time where they cross an invisible line and transition from grudgingly taking those long runs, to loving them and even looking forward to them. “There was this point where my runs became enjoyable,” she recalls. “It wasn’t a matter of looking forward to the ‘alone time.’ It was a matter of actually looking forward to the run itself, as agonizing as they can be sometimes.”

A typical run for her is between ten and twelve miles. Some of her friends are mystified that she could enjoy those long runs as much as she does, but Amy Koughan says there is nothing mysterious about it. Running makes her feel healthy, and after she completes a long run she says that she feels exhilarated, in large part because she just did something that is improving her health.


Wednesday, 25 May 2016

Amy Koughan - Food Waste

Amy Koughan has been a freelance photographer for many years. She makes her home in Southern California, where she is also an active member in a nonprofit called Feed Los Angeles.

Amy Koughan She says that there is an estimated seventy billion pounds of food that goes to waste in the United States every year, and at the same time millions of Americans who deal with what is called food insecurity every day. And she says these are heartbreaking statistics she wants to influence for the better in whatever way she can.

“Up for forty percent of the food that is grown, processed and transported in this country is never consumed,” she said, citing government statistics. “Not only that, wasted food can actually become an environmental threat. Food that ends up in a landfill just rots, and in time becomes a significant source of methane. Methane is a greenhouse gas that has twenty-one times the global warming potential that carbon dioxide does.”

But it is far more important to get food that would otherwise be wasted to people who would otherwise go hungry, she says. “And I’d rather be a part of the solution than be a part of the problem.” Last year, Feed Los Angeles was able to divert some ten million pounds of safe and edible food that would otherwise have gone to waste, and get it to local food banks.

As a photographer, Amy Koughan said she felt it was her duty to document the Feed Los Angeles program in images.


Tuesday, 24 May 2016

Amy Koughan - Three Ways to Stay In Shape

Amy Koughan is a dedicated freelance photography who has been honing her skills since she was a child. Her parents introduced her to a camera when they recognized her abilities at a young age. She was able to later attend the Otis College of Art and Design in Los Angeles, California where she was born and raised. She now has her own family that both inspires her and works with her to create stunning images of various landscapes and the local city.

However, whenever she isn’t focused on the advancement of her career in photography, she can be found spending time on her physical fitness and health. She believes that staying in shape is one of the most important parts of her life because it ensures she will be able to be active with her family for many years. She has three helpful tips to stay in shape that can make a difference in peoples’ lives everywhere.

The first thing you need to do is eat a more nutritional diet. A diet can go a long way in helping you stay in shape because your food determines how much energy you have through out the day, how many calories you ingest, and how much protein you get.

The next thing you need to do is exercise. Make sure you spend a few times a week working on your strength, endurance, and flexibility in order to keep your muscles strong and injury free.
Lastly, focus on your mind. Physical health is only part of it; you have to be willing to relax your mind as well. Take up a yoga practice to work on your mind.

Tuesday, 17 May 2016

Amy Koughan - Master Photographers

Amy Koughan is a freelance photographer based in Los Angeles. She attended the Otis College of Art and Design and studied her craft there. But she says she was already a well-rounded photographer by the time she enrolled there.

“I really believe I was born to be a photographer,” she says. “I’ve always been drawn to pictures – taking them, and looking at them; especially the work of the masters.” The master photographers she most admires, she says, include Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lange, and Diane Arbus. A more recent photographer to seize her interest is the late Vivian Maier.

Amy Koughan Asked what it means that three of the four photographers she mentioned are women, Amy Koughan just laughed. “Nothing,” she said.

Before embarking on her freelance career, she got her degree from Otis, and also worked for a time in a department store taking pictures of children. After that she worked as a technician in a photo lab. Taking pictures of children all day got to be monotonous, she recalls, and the job in the photo lab was far more interesting. “Even as digital photography was taking hold, we used average about a hundred rolls of film a day. And that was with a staff of three. That used to feel pretty rushed.”

Now, as a freelance photographer with a growing reputation, Amy Koughan says that she is always ready to drop whatever she is doing and head out on a shoot, if the terms are right and she isn’t breaking any important commitments.


Amy Koughan - Tips For Advertising Yourself

Amy Koughan is an individual who works on her own schedule and is her own boss. She is currently serving as a freelance photographer in the city of Los Angeles, California where she was born and raised. She even went to the Otis College of Art and Design within the community in order to better hone her skills as an artist. She now works around the world and locally in order to inspire others to make a difference in the world. She regularly travels to third world countries and dangerous areas in order to show the world harsh realities.

Amy Koughan However, if there is one thing that being a freelance photographer has truly taught her, it is how to advertise her own abilities. Although she gets to manage her own work and schedule, she doesn’t have a major company or publishing name to help her advertise her own abilities; she has to do it on her own time.

One tip she has for advertising yourself as a freelancer is to utilize social media. There are a number of both professional and personal social media websites that freelancers can use to upload their professional images, resumes, and any other professionally related works.

In addition to utilizing the opportunities that social media accounts provide, you can also continuously shop your talents around. As a freelancer, you have a choice in where your work goes or who you want to work with next. Make sure you send your resume and samples to every organization you wish to work with.

Amy Koughan is dedicated to her career in photography, and she has established herself as a successful freelancer.

Thursday, 12 May 2016

Amy Koughan - Running With Proper Form

Amy Koughan is a dedicated freelance photographer who is committed to capturing the best images she can in the field. She was born and raised in Los Angeles, California, where she lives today with her husband and child. Her loved ones and her surroundings constantly inspire her, and it is evident through her work as a photographer. Amy attended the Otis College of Art and Design, and didn’t limit her studies to just photography; she is proficient in a number of art forms, including film, painting, and sculpting.

Amy Koughan However, when she isn’t working for any number of publications in the professional world of photography, she can be found running around the city, or some of the incredible landscape that Southern California has to offer.

Running to stay in shape can be a great exercise. Not only does it work your heart and lungs, but it also has tremendous benefits on the body as well, which includes physical strength. However, running with proper form is important because it can be the difference between getting faster, and getting injured.

The primary thing you want to remember when it comes to your running form is your strike. Make sure that with every step your take, your weight is forward into the ball of your foot, not the back towards your heel. When you strike the ground with the ball of your foot, the impact forces felt on the body radiate through your muscles rather than your bones or joints. This will increase the strength of your running muscles, and greatly decrease the chances of sustaining an injury due to overuse.

Tuesday, 26 April 2016

Amy Koughan - Changing the World Through An Image

Amy Koughan is a freelance photographer who has been working and living in Los Angeles, California her entire life. She was raised within the diversity of the city, and came to love the melting pot of different cultures, generations, and industries. In addition to her work locally, she also has been known to travel the world in the hopes that she can capture images that make a difference in peoples’ lives. As an artist, she believes she has an obligation to use her talents for good, and to not simply just get caught up in the financial aspect to her work.

Amy Koughan
As a professional freelance photographer, Amy Koughan understands that she has the power to be able to capture peoples’ attentions with a single image. She has traveled to very remote places in order to take pictures of beautiful foreign landscapes, third world conditions, and even the effects of war on the innocent civilian. Her work is meant to serve a greater purpose than simply as entertainment, and it has the ability to sway peoples’ minds back home in the United States.

In order to capture an image that has the power to change the minds of others, you have to be deeply passionate about the subject. The image should depict your own feelings about a certain frame of time, which will in turn give a glimpse of reality to the people that view it. Her photographic works have helped raise money for rainforests in South America and food initiatives in third-world Africa; she believes in the service she provides the global community.

Thursday, 18 February 2016

Amy Koughan - How to Become a Cyclist

Cycling is a great form of exercise as well as transportation. Amy Koughan loves cycling and going for bike rides with her son and husband. She loves being able to see new parts of the city while getting a great workout. Whenever she has a chance, she picks up her bike and goes for a long ride. If you are interested in becoming a great cyclist, but have never picked up a bike before, there are a few steps you can follow.

Amy Koughan

The first step is to find a bike that you are comfortable on. Go to a bike store and talk to the employees there. Tell them what your goals are. Do you plan on biking on trails, or in the mountains, or do you plan on using your bike to commute in the city. Based on this information, the employees can help you find a bike that will suit your needs. It is also important that you feel comfortable on the bike. Make sure that it is a good height for you, and that you are comfortable with every aspect of it.

The second step is to practice. The more time you spend on your bike, the better you will be. Take the time to ride your bike every day. It does not matter if you go for a long ride or a short ride, just riding will help you become comfortable with the movement of the bike. Comfort will lead to confidence, which will help you become a great cyclist. Amy Koughan loves using her bike as transportation when she needs to make short trips around her neighborhood.

Tuesday, 9 February 2016

Amy Koughan - 3 Easy Ways to Stay in Shape

Staying in shape can be difficult for a professional adult. Amy Koughan is a freelance photographer in Los Angeles, California who works hard to stay fit and active. She understands the importance of keeping her body healthy and strong. She loves outdoor activities and always makes time for exercise. If you are a busy adult with a family and a career, it can be difficult to stay active. However, it is important to make the effort in order to protect your body.

Amy Koughan One easy way to stay active is to walk more. After you get home from work, go for a walk with your family or your dog. This simple activity will help strengthen your muscles and improve the health of your heart. High activity is better for your body, however, if you are new to fitness, walking regularly is a great way to increase your activity level.

Another great way to stay fit is to plan outdoor activities with your family. Rather than sit at home and watch television on the weekends, go for a hike or a bike ride. Outdoor activities are fun and great for bonding. They will also help your body stay strong and healthy.

Running is a great way to keep your heart strong. If you are a busy adult, start using your lunch hour to run. You can find a local gym, and go for a quick thirty-minute run. You will get your exercise in and be back in your office in time for your next meeting. Amy Koughan loves exercising and keeping her body strong.

Tuesday, 2 February 2016

Amy Koughan - Take a Portrait like a Professional

Amy Koughan is a skilled photographer who loves taking portraits and headshots for her clients. She has been working as a freelance photographer for over ten years and has perfected her skills. She is an artist as well as a professional and is always able to combine her passion for art with her professional skills. She loves the challenge of taking engaging portraits and she enjoys working with a wide array of clients.

Amy Koughan

 Portraits can be a tricky photography subject to master. It is important to get a good balance of several different factors. One of those factors is the lighting. If you are taking portraits outside, then the natural lighting can be difficult to work with. It is a great idea to bring reflectors with you in order to take great photos.

A flash is also a useful tool when taking portraits outside. A flash will provide extra light and will help regulate the natural light from the sun. However, it is important to avoid depending on a flash alone if it dark outside. Using only a flash will result in overexposure and can ruin the photo.
When taking portraits, it is important to have your subject pose a number of different way. This will help you find the most flattering angle. You will also be able to frame the portrait in an interesting and engaging way. Portraits require a lot of practice and experience. Amy Koughan has more than a decade of experience in freelance photography and has taken countless portraits.

Thursday, 21 January 2016

Amy Koughan - The Secret of Composition

Composition is the most important skill a photographer can have. Amy Koughan has years of experience and was trained at the Otis College of Art and Design. She is highly skilled at composition and is always able to create a stunning image. She advices new photographers to spend time working on their composition skills in order to become better artists and professional.

Amy Koughan
 Composition involves several different factors. An important factor is framing. As a photographer, your goal should be to fill the frame of your photograph. You want to have a main focal point in the photo while involving several different aspects in the frame. The goal is to have one main point of interest while involving several other points of interest.

Shape is also key in composition. Using shapes and lines can help give your photograph depth. Using diagonal lines in your photo can help give it an interesting depth and can help focus interest on your main subject. When used correctly diagonal lines can increase the drama of a photo.

A great tip in photo composition is to avoid framing your subject in the center of your photo. Try different angles and avoiding the center. This can be a great way to fill your frame while adding interest to your photograph. When composing your photo, try using different angles and placing your subject in different areas within your photo. Amy Koughan always recommends practicing composition in order to learn how to manipulate every factor of your photograph for the best affect.